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Texas Racing Commission

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Texas Racing Act

Article 11. Wagering

Sec. 11.01. Pari-mutuel Wagering; Rules.
  (a) The commission shall adopt rules to regulate wagering on greyhound races and horse races under the system known as pari-mutuel wagering. Wagering may be conducted only by an association within its enclosure. A person may not accept, in person, by telephone, or over the Internet, a wager for a horse race or greyhound race conducted inside or outside this state from a person in this state unless the wager is authorized under this Act.
  (a-1) The commission may commission as many investigators as the commission determines necessary to enforce this Act and the rules of the commission. Each investigator shall take the constitutional oath of office and file it with the commission. Each commissioned investigator has the powers of a peace officer.
  (b) The commission's rules adopted under this section and this Act shall be written and updated to ensure their maximum enforceability within existing constitutional guidelines.

Sec. 11.011. Simulcast Races.
  (a) The commission shall adopt rules to license and regulate pari-mutuel wagering on:
(1) races conducted in this state and simulcast to licensed racetrack associations in this state or to out-of-state receiving locations; and
(2) races conducted out-of-state and simulcast to licensed racetrack associations in this state.
  (b) With approval of the commission, wagers accepted on a simulcast race by any out-of-state receiving location may be included in the pari-mutuel pool for the race at the sending racetrack association in this state.
  (c) With approval of the commission, wagers accepted by a licensed racetrack association in this state on a race simulcast from out-of-state may be included in the pari-mutuel pools for the race at the out-of-state sending racetrack.
  (d) The commission may adopt rules necessary to facilitate the interstate commingling of pari-mutuel pools as provided by Subsections (b) and (c) of this section.
  (e) The racetrack where the wager is made is responsible for reporting and remitting the state's share of the pari-mutuel pool.
  (f) Nothing in this Act is to be construed to allow wagering in Texas on simulcast races at any location other than a racetrack licensed under this Act that has been granted live race dates by the commission.
  (g) Nothing in this Act is to be construed to prohibit wagering on a simulcast horse race at a greyhound racetrack in this state, or to prohibit wagering on a simulcast greyhound race at a horse racetrack in this state. A horse racetrack may not be required to accept a greyhound simulcast signal, nor may a greyhound racetrack be required to accept a horse simulcast signal.
  (h) Except as provided by this section, a horse racetrack facility that offers wagering on interstate greyhound race simulcast signals must do so as provided by a contract with the nearest greyhound racetrack. If an agreement between the racetracks cannot be reached by October 1 of the year preceding the calendar year in which the simulcasting is to occur, the horse racetrack may purchase and offer wagering on greyhound race simulcast signals and shall pay the amounts specified under Section 6.091(d)(1) of this Act to the nearest greyhound racetrack.
  (i) Except as provided by this section, a greyhound racetrack facility that offers wagering on interstate horse race simulcast signals must do so as provided by a contract with the nearest Class 1 horse racetrack. If an agreement between the racetracks cannot be reached by October 1 of the year preceding the calendar year in which the simulcasting is to occur, the greyhound racetrack may purchase and offer wagering on interstate horse race simulcast signals and shall pay the amounts specified in Section 6.091(c)(1) of this Act to the nearest Class 1 horse racetrack.
  (j) A horse racetrack that offers wagering on interstate greyhound simulcast races must offer wagering on all Texas greyhound races made available for simulcast wagering. A greyhound racetrack that offers wagering on interstate horse simulcast races must offer wagering on all Texas horse races made available for simulcast wagering.
  (k) Wagering on a simulcast greyhound race at a horse racetrack that conducts its inaugural meet within 12 months of September 1, 1997, or at an operational horse racetrack within 60 miles of such racetrack may be conducted only pursuant to an agreement between said racetracks.
  (l) Notwithstanding other provisions of law, a greyhound racing association and the state greyhound breed registry shall by contract agree that each simulcast contract to which the greyhound racing association is a party, including a simulcast contract with a horse racing association or a simulcast contract with another greyhound racing association, include terms that provide adequately for the development of greyhound racing, breeding, purses, and any actual or potential loss of live racing handle based on the association's historical live racing schedule and handle in this state. If a greyhound racing association and the state greyhound breed registry fail to reach an agreement, the racing association or the breed registry may submit the contract negotiations for binding arbitration under Chapter 171, Civil Practice and Remedies Code, and rules adopted by the commission. The arbitration must be conducted by a board of three arbitrators. The greyhound racing association shall appoint one arbitrator. The state greyhound breed registry shall appoint one arbitrator. The arbitrators appointed by the greyhound racing association and the state greyhound breed registry shall appoint the third arbitrator. A greyhound racing association and the state greyhound breed registry shall each pay its own arbitration expenses. The greyhound racing association and the state greyhound breed registry shall equally pay the arbitrator fees and costs. This subsection does not apply to a contract that was in effect before September 2, 1997.
  (m) The commission shall not approve wagering on an interstate simulcast race unless the receiving location consents to wagering on interstate simulcast races at all other receiving locations in this state.

Sec. 11.02. Computation of Wagering.
The wagering may be calculated only by state-of-the-art computational equipment that is approved by the commission. The commission may not require the use of a particular make of equipment.

Sec. 11.03. Information on Ticket.
The commission shall by rule prescribe the information to be printed on each pari-mutuel ticket.

Sec. 11.04. Wagering Inside Enclosure.
  (a) Only a person inside the enclosure where both live and simulcast race meetings are authorized may wager on the result of a live or simulcast race presented by the association in accordance with commission rules. Except as provided by this section, a person may not place, in person, by telephone, or over the Internet, a wager for a horse race or greyhound race conducted inside or outside this state. The commission shall adopt rules to prohibit wagering by employees of the commission and to regulate wagering by persons licensed under this Act.
  (b) The commission shall adopt rules prohibiting an association from accepting wagers by telephone.
  (c) The commission shall adopt rules prohibiting an association from accepting a wager made on credit and shall adopt rules providing for the use of automatic banking machines within the enclosure. The commission shall limit the use of an automatic banking machine to allow a person to have access to only the person's checking account at a bank or other financial institution.
  (d) Repealed by Acts 1997, 75th Legislature, Ch. 1275, §54, eff. September 1, 1997.
  (e) An association that allows a machine in an enclosure as provided by Subsection (c) shall collect a fee of $1 for each transaction under Subsection (c). The commission shall adopt rules providing for collection, reporting, and auditing of the transaction fee. The association shall forward the fee to the commission. The commission shall deposit the fee to the credit of the general revenue fund.

Sec. 11.05. Unlawful Wagering.
A person shall not wager on the result of a greyhound race or horse race in this state except as permitted by this Act. A person who is not an association under this Act may not accept from a Texas resident while the resident is in this state a wager on the result of a greyhound race or horse race conducted inside or outside this state.

Sec. 11.06. Minors.
The commission shall adopt rules to prohibit wagering by a minor and to prohibit a child from entering the viewing section of a racetrack unless accompanied by the child's parent or guardian. The rules may except any conduct described as an affirmative defense by Section 14.13 of this Act.

Sec. 11.07. Claim After Race Meeting.
  (a) A person who claims to be entitled to any part of a distribution from a pari-mutuel pool may, not later than the first anniversary of the day the ticket was purchased, file with the association a claim for the money together with a substantial portion of the pari-mutuel ticket sufficient to identify the association, race, and horse or greyhound involved and sufficient to show the amount wagered and the type of ticket.
  (a-1) A person who claims to be entitled to money from a pari-mutuel voucher may before the first anniversary of the day the voucher was issued file with the association a claim for the money together with a substantial portion of the pari-mutuel voucher sufficient to identify the association, the serial number, the date issued, and the amount of the voucher.
  (b) If the claimant satisfactorily establishes a right to distribution from the pool, the association shall pay the amount due the claimant. If the association refuses to pay a claimant who has established satisfactorily a right to distribution from the pool, the claimant may appeal to the commission under procedures prescribed by commission rule.

Sec. 11.08. Repealed by Acts 2007, 80th Legislature, (HB2701), eff. September 1, 2007.

Sec. 11.09. No Liability to Prosecution.
The defense to prosecution under Chapter 47, Penal Code, that the conduct was authorized under this Act is available only to a person who is:
(1) lawfully conducting or participating in the conduct of pari-mutuel wagering in connection with horse racing or greyhound racing; or
(2) permitting the lawful conduct of an activity described by Subdivision (1) of this section on any racetrack facility.

Sec. 11.10. Automobile Racing Facility.
No automobile racing facility may be located within 10,000 feet of a horse or greyhound racetrack licensed under this Act that is located in a county with a population of 1,800,000 or more, according to the most recent federal census.

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Page updated: 11/20/15

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